Marc Chagall Museum
Marc Chagall – a world-famous painter, graphic artist, illustrator, master of monumental and applied kinds of art. He is one of the leaders of world vanguard of XX century.
Marc Chagall was born in Vitebsk in June 24, 1887. His father worked at the fishing warehouse, and his mother had her own shop. There were nine children in the family, Marc was the oldest one. From the very beginning he got traditional Jewish education at home. At nine the boy began to take private lessons in painting. His first teacher was a Vitebsk painter Iegua Pen. Then he continued his studies in St. Petersburg. In 1910 the artist leaved to Paris, where he was in the center of attention.
In 1914 in Berlin there was his first individual art exhibition. There were 40 paintings, 160 gouache paintings, water-colour paintings and drawings. This exhibition was the beginning of artist’s triumph. Later he got married. His exhibitions are held all over the world: in Paris, Berlin, Köln, New-York, Budapest, Amsterdam, Prague, London, etc. In 1923 in France Marc Chagall published his book called “My life”.
In 1941 Chagall had to leave Germany and seek shelter in the United States. The death of Bella (his wife) stopped Chagall's creativity for many months. After his return to France in 1948, the artist decided to move to the south of France and in 1950 he settled in Saint-Paul-de-Vence. Two years later, he married Valentine ("Vava") Brodskii. His new wife was an important factor in Chagall's recovery as a painter. She encouraged him to undertake large artistic projects, for instance the cycle Biblical Message. Finished in 1966 and installed seven years later in the National Museum of the Marc Chagall Biblical Message in Nice, the paintings astonish with their vivid colors and their poetic interpretations of the Biblical texts. Among the largest projects was the decoration of the ceiling of the Paris Opera (1964), and the murals for the Metropolitan Opera in New York (1965). He also explored the technique of stained-glass, designing windows for the Cathedral in Metz (1959-62), for the Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem (1960-1), for the Cathedral at Reims (1974), and for Saint Etienne Church at Mayence (1978-81). In the West, Chagall had countless exhibitions and retrospectives. In Russia, after many years of silence and disregard for the artist, an exhibition of Chagall's works from private collections was organized in Novgorod in 1968, and five years later Chagall was invited to visit Moscow in connection with a small retrospective of his work. Finally, on the centenary of the artist's birth, a large exhibition opened at The Pushkin Museum in Moscow.
Chagall occupied a unique place in world art. Even though at times he was slightly influenced by the contemporary developments in arts, throughout his long life he was an independent artist, often criticized for his lack of "realism" or for his lack of desire to explore non-objective art. The sources of his inspiration are found in his childhood, in the life of a provincial city of Vitebsk and its Jewish community, the Scriptures, and, more surprisingly, in Russian folk art and icon painting. He was a poet, and his artistic visions are considered to be "poetry in colors and shapes."
In 1997 in Vitebsk in Pokrovskaya Street the Marc Chagall Museum was opened. At the museum you can find some things of artist’s every-day life of the XIX – XX centuries, there are copies of archive documents and works of the artist. All these things tell us about his life, his family, his native city Vitebsk. Nowadays you can also find there a wonderful fund of books about Marc Chagall and other artists of the XX century. Mostly these books were given to the museum as a present.
The most important section is the collection of modern art, which was formed on the basis of works of Chagall’s planers which were held in Vitebsk in 1994 and 1997.
BELINTOURIST will be pleased to organize for you an unforgettable excursion to the homeland of Mark Chagall.
All the information you can get in BELINTOURIST:
Tel.: (+375 17) 226 90 56
(+375 17) 226 99 71
Mobile: (+375 29) 384 36 08
Fax: 226 93 52
19, Pobediteley Ave.,
Republic of Belarus.