Minsk

                                                                  Geography

       Minsk region is located in the central part of the Republic of Belarus, greatest extent from north on the south - 315 km, from east on west - 240 km. The territory makes it, including city of Minsk, 40,2 thousand sq. km (about 20 % from the area of Belarus). Density of Minsk region's river network is from 0.34 up to 0.5 kilometers of the rivers per sq. km. The largest rivers are the Beresina, the Nioman, the Viliya. More than 60 lakes have the area exceeding 0.1 sq. km. The largest and deepest lake is Naroch with a total area of 80 sq. km, the greatest depth - 24,8 meters. It is in the territory of Minsk region where the highest point of Belarus - the Dzerzhinskaya mountain (more than three hundred meters above a sea level) is located.
The climate here is moderate- continental, average temperatures: January - -6,8°C; July - +17,5°C. The woods cover 36% of the area of the region. The highest flat of wood (45 - 50 %) is situated in Borisov, Beresino, Starya Dorogi, Logoisk and Stolbtsy districts.

Population

Minsk region has a population of 1539.3 thousand people (15.5% of the total population of the country). 596.2 thousand are employed in the regional economy. More than 30% of the working population are university and college graduates. There are 4575 qualified doctors practising in the region, which makes 29.5 per 10 thousand of the population.

History

Since late ninth century Minsk region had been part of Kiev Rus and that of Polotsk, Lithuanian and Rzecz Pospolita. In 1793 after the second division of Rzecz Pospolita, the territory of the present-day Minsk region was annexed to Russia and became part of the Province of Minsk. In October-November 1917 the Soviets came to power there. In February-December 1918 the region was occupied by William Keiser's Germany. In June-August 1919 the whole of Minsk region was occupied by the troops of bourgeois Poland.
At the beginning of 1920 the region was liberated by the Red Army, however in September-October 1920 the bourgeois Poland again ceased the western part of the region. In January 1938 Minsk region is formed. In 1939 the western territories of Belarus were liberated: Miadel, Vileika, Volozhin, Molodechno, Stolbtsy, Nesvizh and Kletsk districts.
In June-July 1941 the region was occupied by fascist Germany. Since the first days of the war there developed partisan resistance movement. As a result of the Belarusian operation in June-July 1944 Minsk region was liberated. The 1941-1944 war left deep wounds in the body of Belarus. In territory of the region there were destroyed hundreds of thousands of people, 157 villages burnt to ashes, the cities and towns were destroyed.
In 1950 industrial output exceeded the pre-war by 1.6 fold. Now Minsk region is a well-developed part of a sovereign European state - the Republic of Belarus.

Culture

Minsk region has the necessary rest and recreation facilities to cater for the creative needs and abilities of the regional population. Almost 60 thousand residents of the region are employed in the arts and crafts. There work regional drama puppet theatre Batleyka, musical choir Sonorus, 5 parks of culture and recreation, 4 centres for children and teenagers' aesthetic education, 16 state museums, 94 pre-school establishments, 943 libraries and 800 clubs. It has developed into a tradition to hold regional festivals and holidays. Festivals of Belarusian songs and poetry in Maladzechna, theatrical art masters - Maladzechanskaya sakavitsa, chamber music in Zaslavl and Myusu Niyasvizha is the integral part of Minsk region's cultural life and are officially recognized as national cultural events.
With an eye to promoting Belarusian arts, several artistic groups of Minsk region have gone on tours to foreign countries: national folk music ensemble Trinity Musicians, national folk song ensemble Pukchovtchanka and ensemble of national music and song Zarnitsa of the Nesvizh musical school, national ensemble Svetlana of Kolosovo children's musical school of Stolbtsy district, Sonorus choir.

Places of Interest

Monument Honoring The Victory Of The Russian Army In 1812
(The town of Borissov 75 km from Minsk, section Highlights of Belarus)

Monument Honoring The Heroes Of The 1812 War
(The town of Borissov 75 km from Minsk, section Highlights of Belarus)

Belarusian State Preserve Museum Menka
(10 km from Minsk, section Tours and Excursion)

Historical And Cultural Preserve Museum Zaslavl
(30 km from Minsk, section Tours and Excursion)

The Soviet Army's Glory Mound
(21 km from Minsk on the highway Minsk-Moscow, section Tours and Excursion)

Complex Raubichi
(23 km from Minsk, section Tours and Excursion)

Castle And Park Complex Nesvizh
(120 km from Minsk, section Highlights of Belarus)

Memorial Complex Khatyn
(55 km from Minsk, section Tours and Excursion)